Voters Still Back Soleimani Strike Despite Mixed Rationale, Iran’s Retaliation

But the public sided with members of Congress who said Trump should have sought their support
President Donald Trump waves as he boards Marine One while departing from the White House on Jan. 13. A new poll shows enduring support for his decision to order a drone strike that killed Qassem Soleimani, Iran's top military commander. (Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
January 15, 2020 at 12:01 am UTC

Key Takeaways

  • 49% of voters approved of Trump’s strike, statistically unchanged from the first poll conducted after the Jan. 3 event.

  • 48% said Trump should have sought congressional approval, while 41% said he was right to act alone.

  • 71% said they support Trump’s decision to forego further military action against Iran.

Iran’s retaliation and the Trump administration's shifting justifications have not shaken the public’s support for President Donald Trump’s decision to order a drone strike that killed Iran's top general, Qassem Soleimani.

The latest Morning Consult/Politico poll found 49 percent of registered voters approve of Trump’s decision, while 39 percent disapprove. The figures are statistically unchanged from a Jan. 4-5 poll, conducted before Iran retaliated with missile strikes aimed at U.S. troops stationed in Iraq -- and before administration officials were grilled by members of Congress amid shifting explanations over whether Trump’s statements that Soleimani posed an imminent danger to the United States were accurate.

The Jan. 10-12 poll of 1,996 voters has a margin of error of 2 percentage points.

As was the case last week, opinions on the strike split along party lines, with 85 percent of GOP voters approving of the strike and 71 percent of Democrats opposing Trump’s decision. The lion’s share of independents (48 percent) also backed the president’s move.

Across the board, men were more likely than women to say killing Soleimani in Baghdad was the right move, with a 9-point gap in support between Democratic men and women, a 12-point gap between Republican men and women and a 17-point gap between independent men and women.

But while voters were more likely to back Trump’s decision to take out Soleimani, he’s losing the argument about whether he acted properly with respect to Congress: Forty-eight percent said Trump should have sought congressional approval before moving forward with the airstrike in Baghdad, compared to 41 percent who said he was correct to move forward without congressional approval.

The question resulted in the resurfacing of a debate on Capitol Hill about war powers, with Democrats and even a handful of Republicans arguing that the president exceeded his constitutional authority in launching the strike. Last week, the Democratic-led House passed a nonbinding resolution expressing its dissent on the issue. 

The Constitution grants Congress the sole power to declare war, but voters had differing views on the question, driven largely by their partisan leanings. Most Democrats (58 percent) said Congress should have authority, while 61 percent of Republicans said that authority should rest with the president and the executive branch. 

More popular was Trump’s decision to militarily stand down following Iran’s Jan. 8 missile launches. Seventy-one percent of voters – including 62 percent of Democrats and 84 percent of Republicans – support Trump’s decision to forego further military action against Iran, and 58 percent, driven by Republicans and independents, support his move to impose economic sanctions on the country. Democrats narrowly oppose the sanctions, 41 percent to 35 percent.

Events surrounding the tensions between the United States and Iran have had high salience among the voting public, registering as the most pervasive events of 2020 so far, according to Morning Consult polling. Fifty-one percent of voters said they had seen, read or heard “a lot” about Iran’s missile attacks and 49 percent said the same last week of the U.S. strike that killed Soleimani. (By contrast, 30 percent said they’d heard “a lot” about Prince Harry and Meghan Markle announcing they will begin the process of stepping down as senior members of the royal family.)

A headshot photograph of Eli Yokley
Eli Yokley
U.S. Politics Analyst

Eli Yokley is Morning Consult’s U.S. politics analyst. Eli joined Morning Consult in 2016 from Roll Call, where he reported on House and Senate campaigns after five years of covering state-level politics in the Show Me State while studying at the University of Missouri in Columbia, including contributions to The New York Times, Politico and The Daily Beast. Follow him on Twitter @eyokley. Interested in connecting with Eli to discuss his analysis or for a media engagement or speaking opportunity? Email [email protected].

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