Support for Launching Impeachment Proceedings Against Biden Declines Among Republicans, Independents

Voters are slightly more likely to support than oppose beginning the House GOP’s next step to remove Biden from office, 44% to 40%.
Shares of U.S. voters who said Congress should or should not begin impeachment proceedings to remove President Joe Biden from office
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Surveys conducted monthly from September 2023 to December 2023, among representative samples of roughly 2,000 registered U.S. voters each, including at least 449 voters from each of the subgroups shown, with unweighted margins of error of +/-2 to +/-4 percentage points, respectively.

December 11, 2023 at 5:00 am UTC

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As House Republicans look set to formalize their impeachment inquiry into President Joe Biden, our new survey finds that voters are slightly more likely than not to support formal proceedings — though backing has weakened among GOP voters and independents.

Our Nov. 30-Dec. 2 survey clocks the electorate’s support for and opposition to launching impeachment proceedings to remove Biden from office at 44% and 40%, respectively. The 4 percentage-point gap between those two figures is down from a 9-point margin in favor of the move in September. 

Notably, the share of Republicans who support launching proceedings has also declined from 76% to 70% since September, as has backing among independents, who are now more likely to oppose than support doing so, 43% to 37%. Roughly a quarter Democrats support the House’s beginning of proceedings, up slightly from three months ago.

Among the heavily Republican-leaning sample of voters who now support an official inquiry, the survey suggests House GOP leaders’ accusations that Biden is guilty of wrongdoing unworthy of his office is resonating more deeply than earlier this year. 

Why Voters Support Biden Impeachment Proceedings

Shares of U.S. voters who support opening impeachment proceedings into President Joe Biden said the following was their reason:
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Surveys conducted from September 2023 to December 2023 (November excepted), among representative samples of roughly 2,000 registered voters each, including at least 142 voters from each of the subgroups shown, with unweighted margins of error of +/-3 to +/-8 percentage points, respectively.

Since September, supporters of impeachment proceedings have become 6 points more likely to say that Biden “committed an impeachable offense” (from 52% to 58%), while the share who say he should face such an inquiry because he “is unfit to serve” has dropped 7 points (from 43% to 36%). Republicans and independents who support impeachment proceedings tend to say the president  committed wrongdoing, while Democratic backers are more divided on the question. 

Specific demographics at scale: Surveying thousands of consumers around the world every day powers our ability to examine and analyze perceptions and habits of more specific demographics at scale, like those featured here.

Why it matters: Leaders need a better understanding of their audiences when making key decisions. Our comprehensive approach to understanding audience profiles complements the “who” of demographics and the “what” of behavioral data with critical insights and analysis on the “why.”

Among the overall electorate, voters are nearly equally divided on what they perceive to be the underlying motive for the probe, with 43% saying evidence of wrongdoing and 41% saying motivation to damage Biden’s political career. Roughly 2 in 3 Democrats blame politics, while 72% of Republicans say there is wrongdoing. 

The bottom line 

Our latest survey documents continued dissatisfaction with Biden among key constituencies for the Democratic Party, such as young people and voters of color. However, declining support among GOP voters for beginning impeachment proceedings since then-House Speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) launched the probe earlier this year shows that GOP leaders have some work to do to excite their own base. 

A headshot photograph of Eli Yokley
Eli Yokley
U.S. Politics Analyst

Eli Yokley is Morning Consult’s U.S. politics analyst. Eli joined Morning Consult in 2016 from Roll Call, where he reported on House and Senate campaigns after five years of covering state-level politics in the Show Me State while studying at the University of Missouri in Columbia, including contributions to The New York Times, Politico and The Daily Beast. Follow him on Twitter @eyokley. Interested in connecting with Eli to discuss his analysis or for a media engagement or speaking opportunity? Email [email protected].

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