Support for Federal Aid to State and Local Governments Is Wide and Bipartisan

But as GOP leaders pan idea of ‘blue state bailouts,’ Republicans are particularly swayed by ideological framing
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) speaks during a news briefing at the U.S. Capitol April 21, 2020 in Washington, DC. While McConnell has voiced skepticism about providing aid to states struggling financially during the pandemic, 74% of voters say the federal government has a responsibility to help states during this time. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
April 29, 2020 at 12:01 am UTC

Key Takeaways

  • 74% of voters -- including 84% of Democrats and 65% of Republicans -- say the federal government should be responsible for helping states during the coronavirus pandemic.

  • 13% of voters, including 23% of GOP voters, say Washington is not responsible for helping states.

  • 23% of Republicans say the federal government has no responsibility to help liberals; 10% of Democrats say it has no responsibility to help conservatives.

Congressional Democrats are backed by broad public support as they push for the next coronavirus spending package to include big funding for state and local governments reeling from the pandemic’s strain on their budgets, but polling suggests the attacks from Republican leaders regarding blue-state spending could prove effective with GOP voters.

A new Morning Consult/Politico poll found 74 percent of registered voters, including 84 percent of Democrats and 65 percent of Republicans, agreed that the federal government should be responsible for providing financial support to states during the coronavirus pandemic. The April 24-26 poll surveyed 1,991 registered voters, with a margin of error of 2 percentage points.

Resistance to helping states is modest and was driven by Republicans voters, who were nearly five times more likely than Democrats to say the federal government should not be responsible for giving a backstop, 23 percent to 5 percent. 

Both red and blue states nationwide, including President Donald Trump’s former home state of New York and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s home of Kentucky, have projected budget shortfalls amid the pandemic, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures

But in his opening arguments last week for the next coronavirus package, McConnell voiced skepticism about the intentions of some states in seeking aid, with his office slamming the prospect of “blue state bailouts.” He said states should consider bankruptcy instead. 

The suggestion was widely condemned by leaders on both sides of the aisle, with Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D-N.Y.) calling it “one of the really dumb ideas of all time,” and Gov. Larry Hogan (R-Md.), who chairs the National Governors Association, labeling it “complete nonsense.” In Kentucky, Democrat Amy McGrath, McConnell’s likely challenger in November, released a new campaign ad on Monday that criticized the bankruptcy comments.

While McConnell softened his tone in a Politico interview published Monday, opening the door for negotiations on state assistance but saying he was opposed to cutting localities checks to “finance mistakes they’ve made unrelated to the coronavirus,” Trump went further in a Monday tweet, questioning why Americans should be “bailing out poorly run states” and cities that are managed by Democrats.

Overall, state and local governments do not appear to be an easy punching bag: Among the overall electorate, independents and Democrats, more voters approve of how their state and local governments are handling the coronavirus pandemic than Trump or Congress, according to another recent Morning Consult poll.

However, polling suggests framing the idea of assistance ideologically is particularly effective in swaying Republican voters against spending. 

Voters of both parties are generally on the same page when asked how responsible the federal government should be for helping Americans during the economic hardship brought about by the coronavirus pandemic, but Republicans split widely when the question was posed on ideological terms. 

Sixty-two percent of GOP voters said the federal government was “very” or “somewhat” responsible for helping conservatives, 20 points higher than the share who say the same of liberals. Among Democrats, there is a 4-point gap between the share who say Washington should be responsible for helping liberals or conservatives, within the party samples’ 4-point margins of error. And while 23 percent of Republicans said the federal government was “not at all” responsible for helping liberals recover from the economic fallout, 10 percent of Democrats said the same for its obligations to conservatives.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) pushed back on the partisan talk in a conference call with reporters on Tuesday, saying “support for state and local is bipartisan.” As lawmakers plot their next moves, she suggested $500 billion may be needed for states, and maybe more for counties and municipalities, doled out over time.

“Governors and mayors are crying out for support," she said. 

A headshot photograph of Eli Yokley
Eli Yokley
U.S. Politics Analyst

Eli Yokley is Morning Consult’s U.S. politics analyst. Eli joined Morning Consult in 2016 from Roll Call, where he reported on House and Senate campaigns after five years of covering state-level politics in the Show Me State while studying at the University of Missouri in Columbia, including contributions to The New York Times, Politico and The Daily Beast. Follow him on Twitter @eyokley. Interested in connecting with Eli to discuss his analysis or for a media engagement or speaking opportunity? Email [email protected].

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