Social Media Companies Keep Taking Hits Over COVID-19 Misinformation. The Public Thinks There Should Be Consequences

More than 3 in 5 adults would back a bill making platforms liable for the spread of misinformation during health emergencies
Unsplash / Morning Consult artwork by Samantha Elbouez
July 29, 2021 at 12:01 am UTC

Key Takeaways

  • 78% of Democrats and 52% of Republicans say they’d support legislation holding internet companies responsible for misinformation about COVID-19 vaccines and other public health crises.

  • 35% of adults say social media companies are doing a “poor” job of curbing the spread of anti-vaccine misinformation, while another 27% say their performance is “fair.”

  • The public is most likely to blame users who initially post COVID-19 misinformation (34%) and social media companies (27%) for failing to control the spread of false information about the coronavirus on platforms.

With the Biden administration’s efforts to vaccinate Americans hitting a brick wall and the delta variant wreaking havoc nationwide, lawmakers in recent weeks have increasingly pointed fingers at social media companies for allowing COVID-19 misinformation to spread on their platforms.

New Morning Consult polling suggests that much of the public agrees that social media plays a role in halting progress toward a true post-pandemic existence -- and nearly two-thirds back  legislation that would punish the platforms that enable such misinformation to proliferate. 

Sixty-three percent of adults said they’d support a federal bill holding internet platforms responsible if content generated by their users and other third parties spread misinformation about COVID-19 vaccines and public health emergencies, including 78 percent of Democrats, 57 percent of independents and 52 percent of Republicans.

By contrast, just over 1 in 5 adults -- including 12 percent of Democrats, 23 percent of independents and 32 percent of Republicans -- said they were against holding platforms accountable for the spread of misinformation amid public health crises. The share of those who didn’t know or had no opinion ranged from 10 percent (Democrats) to 21 percent (independents).

The poll of 2,201 U.S. adults was conducted July 23-25, just days after Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) introduced legislation that would revoke Section 230 liability protections for internet companies that fail to crack down on the dissemination of misinformation during public health emergencies, though the survey did not reference Klobuchar or Section 230 specifically. The poll has a margin of error of 2 percentage points.

Klobuchar’s measure lacks any Republican co-sponsors and is considered a long shot to pass, but the public’s support for legislation of that kind mirrors general sentiment about which entities deserve the most blame for the spread of false coronavirus information -- though maybe not at quite the same levels of scorn that President Joe Biden has recently reserved for them.

Biden slightly walked back comments made earlier this month that social media giants were “killing people” by allowing vaccine misinformation to run wild on their platforms, saying that his rhetoric was meant to prod tech companies to take more decisive action to stem the spread of false posts. 

When respondents were asked who they think is most responsible for controlling the spread of false information about the coronavirus on platforms, 27 percent pointed fingers at social media companies -- a 4-point rise from a March 2020 survey. Thirty-four percent of adults blamed the users who originally posted false information, virtually unchanged from the poll taken 16 months ago.

On vaccine misinformation specifically, the problem appears to be centered on a small group of prolific posters: A recent Center for Countering Digital Hate report found that 12 individuals -- dubbed the “Disinformation Dozen” -- were responsible for 65 percent of anti-vaccine content on social media platforms, including up to 73 percent on Facebook Inc.

Even though more adults attribute blame to the individual user than to social media companies, the Morning Consult poll suggests that the public believes those platforms are not doing enough to combat anti-vaccination content.

Thirty-five percent of adults said they think social media companies are doing a “poor” job when it comes to preventing the spread of false information about coronavirus vaccines on their platforms, while 27 percent said the performance of companies is just “fair.”

About 1 in 5 adults said social media platforms are doing a “good” job halting anti-vaccination content and just 6 percent said their work on that front is “excellent.” Republicans are slightly more critical of social media platforms than Democrats, with 40 percent and 30 percent, respectively, saying the platforms are performing poorly when it comes to vaccine-related moderation.

The pressure on social media companies from Capitol Hill to do a better job of policing anti-vaccine content is likely to ramp up as the Biden administration considers mandates and other avenues to meet its vaccination goals. 

And as Facebook and other social media companies point to “authoritative” vaccine information as a means to drown out false content, lawmakers can note one last data point in arguing their case for stricter moderation: Just 10 percent of Americans believe that false or misleading information about the coronavirus that is posted online should not be removed.

A headshot photograph of Matt Bracken
Matt Bracken
Senior Editor

Matt Bracken previously worked at Morning Consult as a senior editor of energy, finance, health and tech.

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