Proposed Supreme Court Expansion Remains Unpopular

By a nearly 2-to-1 margin, voters oppose allowing more justices to serve on the high court
(L-R) Rep. Hank Johnson (D-GA), Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA), House Judiciary Committee Chairman Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) and Rep. Mondaire Jones (D-NY) hold a press conference in front of the U.S. Supreme Court to announce legislation to expand the number of seats on the Supreme Court on April 15, 2021 in Washington, D.C. New polling shows just 26 percent of voters support a law adding seats to the court, compared to 46% who would oppose such a measure. (Drew Angerer/Getty Images)
April 21, 2021 at 6:00 am UTC

Key Takeaways

  • Just 26% of voters say Congress should pass a law allowing more than nine justices to serve on the Supreme Court, compared with 46% of voters who say it should allow only nine justices to serve.

  • Those figures are essentially unchanged from a poll conducted in fall 2020, including among Democratic voters.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) distanced herself last week from a Democratic bill that would add four seats to the Supreme Court, and a new Morning Consult/Politico poll helps to explain why she was quick to nip the plan in the bud: The idea is still broadly unpopular among the American electorate.

In the April 16-19 survey, voters were 20 percentage points more likely, at 46 percent, to say Congress should only allow nine justices to serve on the high court than they were to be in favor of passing a law to add more Supreme Court jurists.

Those numbers were essentially unchanged from a Morning Consult/Politico survey conducted in the fall, reflecting a continued lack of public appetite for what has been an increasing source of interest for liberal activists since Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky blocked consideration of Merrick Garland, then-President Barack Obama’s appointee to the court, in 2016.

Both surveys were conducted among roughly 2,000 registered voters, with respective margins of error of 2 points. 

In remarks to reporters at the Capitol on April 15, Pelosi said she does not intend to bring the bill to the floor after it was introduced that day in a news conference by House Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.), Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) and others. Instead, the House speaker reiterated her support for President Joe Biden’s plan for a bipartisan commission to study the issue.

Republicans in Congress seized on the bill’s introduction, accusing progressives of trying to pack the court. Just over half (56 percent) of voters in the survey said they heard at least some about the unveiling of the bill, including 63 percent of Republicans and 59 percent of Democrats.

While the notion of adding Supreme Court seats is unpopular among the broader electorate, it is backed by a plurality of Democratic voters. However, that 43 percent share of support is still unchanged from the October survey.

A headshot photograph of Cameron Easley
Cameron Easley
Lead U.S. Politics Analyst

Cameron Easley is Morning Consult’s lead analyst for U.S. politics. Prior to moving into his current role, he led Morning Consult's editorial coverage of U.S. politics and elections from 2016 through 2022. Cameron joined Morning Consult from Roll Call, where he was managing editor. He graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Follow him on Twitter @cameron_easley. Interested in connecting with Cameron to discuss his analysis or for a media engagement or speaking opportunity? Email [email protected].

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